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Complete Remission of Vocal Cord Cancer Treated With Low-Dose Ipilimumab Plus Nivolumab Combined With Interleukin-2 and Hyperthermia

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We present a 44-year-old male patient, exposed to tobacco smoke and alcohol, with a locally advanced, multiple recurrent squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the vocal cord who had undergone resection four times. The patient rejected the mutilating surgery or radiation therapy due to the expected severe lifelong consequences. Instead, the patient opted for complex immunotherapy combining low doses of checkpoint inhibitors ipilimumab-nivolumab (0.3 and 0.5 mg/kg, respectively) with fever-inducing interleukin-2 (IL-2) and hyperthermia, which induced complete remission (CR). Restaging with MRI and laryngoscopy demonstrated lasting remission ongoing now for two years. The fact that this patient is free of any cancer-related signs or symptoms raises the possibility of a long-lasting remission even after the fourth recurrence of a locally advanced squamous cell vocal cord cancer by the induction of therapeutic fever combined with a safe low-dose ipilimumab plus nivolumab therapy to endorse T-cell function.