Association between niacin and mortality among patients with cancer in the NHANES retrospective cohort
A total of 3504 participants were included in the cohort, with 1054 deaths. One thousand eight hundred forty-seven participants (52.3%) were female, 2548 participants (73.4%) were white, and the mean age (SE) was 65.38 years (0.32). According to multivariate logistic regression analysis, niacin intake was negatively associated with mortality outcomes in patients with cancer, with P values below 0.05 in all models. In subgroup analyses based on sex, age, and BMI, the association persisted. The Kaplan-Meier curves indicate that high niacin intake groups have better survival rates than low intake groups. Niacin supplementation improved cancer mortality but not all-cause mortality.